Step 5 -Planting flowers and seeds. Read information and tips to help you plant bedding plants and seeds. Learn when it is time to start planting.
Review Your garden is ready for the plants and seeds you have chosen.
Observation- In spring, bedding plants, and most seeds are best planted after there is no more risk of frost. Are your nights still very cold? Is the grass and ground still frosty some mornings? If so, it may still be too cold for planting. Watch for warm nights and mornings.
When to plant It is a good idea to know the frost dates in your area. Frost dates are the averages of last spring frost dates, and the averages of the first fall frost dates from previous years. . In spring, the average last frost date gives you an approximate date when it will be warm enough for planting bedding plants or seeds. In fall, the average first fall frost date helps gardeners know when to protect plants and get the garden ready for winter. Ask at a local greenhouse or nursery for the frost dates in your area. The frost dates are not always going to be the same, and can change. This depends on the present year's weather conditions. Frost dates are just a guideline to help gardeners. So keep an eye on your weather, and with some knowledge of frost dates you can decide when it is time to plant, and start the growing season. The time in between the two frost dates are known as the growing season. This is the planting and growing of plants.
Planting bedding Plants After no more risk of frost you can start planting. Transplant bedding plants on a warm but, cloudy day or in the evenings. Transplanting is moving a plant from one place to another. Have a look and decide where you would like to plant each flower. You can decide this by planning it out on paper first. Read plant information on the tag or pot to see how tall (height), and how wide a plant can grow. This will help you decide where to plant a certain flower. For example, you might want to put a flower that is going to grow very tall at the back of your garden, and shorter ones at the front. Spacing plants far apart from each other is important. A plant tag will usually tell you how much space is needed for a plant to grow. This is called spacing. Plants need enough room to grow without being overcrowded. It's a good idea to keep all tags and information on each plant you have planted in your garden. This way you will always have the plant's information. You can label the plants in your garden and keep a planting record in your garden journal. With a garden plan in place and bedding plants you are ready to transplant. Now you need the planting holes dug. Dig each hole the size of the rootball. The rootball is the roots and soil combined together. (Dig holes the size of the containers or pots the plant was grown in.) Tip the container gently holding the plant's stem between your fingers. Slide the rootball into your other hand. Place the rootball in the hole. Pat down soil all around the plant till it stands firm. (on it's own) Water immediately after transplanting your bedding plants. Now plant the remainder of your flowers.
Planting seeds Plant seeds after no more risk of frost, and the soil has warmed up. Rake and loosen the soil in your garden. Seed packets should have planting instructions on them. Look for how deep to plant the seed in the soil. Different size seeds are planted deeper in the soil than others. Spacing between each seed is also important. Look for how far apart to plant the seeds in the soil too. A finger is a good way to make a hole for the seed. Just follow how deep to plant the seed in the soil. After placing seed in the soil cover with soil and pat down gently. Water with a sprinkler watering can. A water hose is too fast and hard. It will wash away the seeds from where you planted them. Seed packets will tell you how many days the seed needs to grow into a sprout. This is called germination. Look for germination on packet. Keep the soil moist until germination has taken place.
Be proud, and Congratulations! It's your first garden. Plan your garden how you would like it. Have fun planting. It will be beautiful!
A Garden Journal Printout - My First Garden's Growing Condition Use what you learned in Steps 1 - 5 of the Kid's First Garden Guide to complete this record of your own flower garden. A great addition to a garden journal! Click here to print out journal page now.